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Grain Storage and Handling

Indian Scenario of Grain Storage

  • Food grains form an important part of Indian vegetarian diet.
  • Grain production has been steadily increasing due to advancement in production technology, but improper storage results in high losses of grains.
  • According to World Bank Report (2012), post-harvest losses in India amount to 12 to 16 million Metric tons of food grains each year.
  • An amount that World Bank stipulates could feed one-third of India's poor population.
  • The Monetary value of these losses amounts to more than Rs 50,000 crore per year.
SILOS GODOWNS
Saves almost 5 times area and therefore 5 times land cost 5 times more area required than SILO
Yearly Grain loss is very minor / almost zero Yearly grain loss approximately 10% to 15%
Just couple of labours required at 'gunny bags' cutting point Huge number of labour required
Zero manual handling loss Manually handling loss
Long term effctive storage possible Long term effective storage not possible
Automatic monitoring of temperature possible through sensors Temperature monitoring / controlling is difficult
Insects and germ formating can be monitored and controlled effectively Loss due to Insects / Germs / Rat Bites
Proper and effective fumigation Improper aeration and fumigation
Zero chances of contamination / Grain Quality loss High chance of contamination
Strong to resist wind speed upto 170 km/hr and earth quake upto seismic zone VI Not strong enough to resist high wind speed and earth quake